Lets look at the following question and supply the public with sufficient information to show the importance of rhinos and their horns, which belongs to them…
- Protecting calves
- Defending territories
In media reports it stated that Namibia was the first country to try de-horning. Between 1989 and early 1990s, de-horning in addition to improved security and funding of anti-poaching efforts resulted in a significant reduction in rhinos.
Questions have followed is this the future, is this the way to go?
Then they have augmented and debated in various countries to legalise the rhino trade:
This is definitely one section where opinions are divided and conversations get heated.
The one important key challenges here will be that nobody can predict how legalizing trade will affect the behaviour of the end users in Asia.
- Will more Vietnamese or Chinese buy rhino horn products once the stigma of buying illegal products is removed?
- How will the increasing affluence in Asian countries affect the demand for rhino horn?
Many conservation groups in Africa and around the world have expressed concern over the concept of legalizing the rhino horn trade.
One key issue regarding this solution to rhino poaching will be to understand how the trade in rhino horn will be controlled/regulated. One of the key reasons for their disagreement is that they don’t think it will be enforceable. This is because markets where the trade would be active like in Vietnam simply do not have the essential enforcement regimes in place. This debate is growing in greatness and also becoming more differentiated between the pro- and against factions.
Below are Other solutions being debated currently around the world – Sourced from Africa wildlife Detective.com
- Injecting non-lethal poison into the rhinos’ horns.
- South African Government to stop access to hunting permits to individuals that come from countries with weak CITES control
- Deploying the South African National Defense Force in key positions across South Africa to provide protection to rhinos.
- Establishing a database of all rhino horn DNA samples.
- Erecting an electric fence between Kruger National Park and Mozambique.
- Establish environmental courts to improve the rate of successful prosecution of couriers, and buyers.