The rhinoceros also called by his surname « rhino » is in fact one group of five different species.
Blacks and whites share Africa
Two of the five are native to Africa.
The main feature its horn on the nose. According to rhino species has one or two. The white rhino and black rhinoceros has two. His horn grows approximately 7 cm per year and serves them to defend themselves and to clear the land in order to catch food. Many people think it’s same family of elephant but it’s in fact in horses and tapirs family. Therefore horns are not ivory but keratine like men’s hair or nails.
These are solitary but occasionally in the savannah they form small groups. It prefers to sleep during the day and being active at night. It has very bad sight but develops an excellent sense of smell and good hearing. Regarding reproduction, after 450 days gestation, the mother continue to breastfeed her little during almost two years.
Black species can reach 3 meters in length and 1 meter 60 tall. It weighs 800 to 1500 kilos. It feeds on leaves and tree shoots.
The white specie, as to him may be 4 meters long and 1 meter 80 tall and weigh until to 3000 pounds. It’s the largest of all. they Eat grass and small bushes.
- The largest known horn measured 1.58 m.
- Despite its significant weight, they can reach 45 km / h.
- Adult species can make 50 kilos of excrement per day.
- Theses animals have particulary relation with one bird called « tick berd ». It clear it of all parasits
Both living in Central Africa and South Africa, the number of individual come grow dim considerably. Like others Big 5 members, men have always hunted them . Despite some measures for his consevration, these species are still an endangered specie. Indeed, some countries particularly appreciate them . China traditional medicine assigns aphrodisiac property, while in Yemen, possess an ivory dagger represents virility. This craze for ivory is one of the persistents next threat to them :
– Hunting and ivory buisines
– Reduction of habitat
Save these species!
Today exist some protect initiative. You can watch and help too by going to this page !
First picture source : http://9wows.com/files/2013/02/Charging-Rhino-800×529.jpg